在freebsd上的安装nginx教程

一 . 安装必备软件 MySQL+PHP+Pcre

cd /usr/ports/database/mysql50-server && make install clean  
cd /usr/lang/php5/ && make install clean   选择对cgi mysql等的支持  
cd /usr/devel/pcre && make install clean

用ports安装 /usr/ports/www/nginx, make install clean

二、弄了一个fastcgi的脚本,来自lighttpd

1) cd /usr/ports/www/lighttpd
2) make
3) cp /usr/ports/www/lighttpd/work/lighttpd-1.4.18/src/spawn-cgi /usr/bin
4) make clean

三、修改配置文件:

1,/usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf:

user www www;  
worker_processes 10;  
error_log /usr/local/etc/nginx/logs/nginx_error.log crit;  
worker_rlimit_nofile 51200;  
events  
{  
   use epoll;  
   worker_connections 51200;  
}  
http  
{  
   include   conf/mime.types;  
   default_type application/octet-stream;  
   charset gb2312;  
   server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;  
   keepalive_timeout 60;  
   tcp_nodelay on;  
   gzip on;  
   gzip_min_length 1k;  
   gzip_buffers   4 8k;  
   gzip_http_version 1.1;  
   gzip_types   text/plain application/x-javascript. text/css text/html application/xml;  
   server  
   {  
   listen   80;  
   server_name www.test.com;  
   index index.html index.htm index.php;  
   root /usr/local/www/data/;  
   location ~ .*\.php?$  
   {  
   include fcgi.conf;  
   fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;  
   fastcgi_index index.php;  
   }  

   log_format access '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '  
   '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '  
   '"$http_user_agent" $http_x_forwarded_for';  
   access_log /usr/local/nginx/logs/access.log access;  
   }  

   }

2 ,先将php.ini的配置中 cgi.fix_pathinfo=1 这样php-cgi方能正常使用SCRIPT_FILENAME这个变量。

3,编辑fcgi.conf文件,加入

fastcgi_param GATEWAY_INTERFACE CGI/1.1;  
fastcgi_param SERVER_SOFTWARE   nginx;  

fastcgi_param QUERY_STRING   $query_string;  
fastcgi_param REQUEST_METHOD   $request_method;  
fastcgi_param CONTENT_TYPE   $content_type;  
fastcgi_param CONTENT_LENGTH   $content_length;  

fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME   $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;  
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_NAME   $fastcgi_script_name;  
fastcgi_param REQUEST_URI   $request_uri;  
fastcgi_param DOCUMENT_URI   $document_uri;  
fastcgi_param DOCUMENT_ROOT   $document_root;  
fastcgi_param SERVER_PROTOCOL   $server_protocol;  

fastcgi_param REMOTE_ADDR   $remote_addr;  
fastcgi_param REMOTE_PORT   $remote_port;  
fastcgi_param SERVER_ADDR   $server_addr;  
fastcgi_param SERVER_PORT   $server_port;  
fastcgi_param SERVER_NAME   $server_name;  
# PHP only, required if PHP was built with --enable-force-cgi-redirect  
#fastcgi_param REDIRECT_STATUS 200;

四,启动

1, 启动fcgi

/usr/bin/spawn-fcgi -a 127.0.0.1 -p 9000 -u www -f /usr/local/bin/php-cgi

参数说明:

-f 指定调用FastCGI的进程的执行程序位置,根据系统上所装的PHP的情况具体设置
-a 绑定到地址addr
-p 绑定到端口port
-s 绑定到unix socket的路径path
-C 指定产生的FastCGI的进程数,默认为5(仅用于PHP)
-P 指定产生的进程的PID文件路径
-u和-g FastCGI使用什么身份(-u 用户 -g 用户组)运行,Ubuntu下可以使用www-data,其他的根据情况配置,如nobody、apache等

也可建立脚本

1) ee /usr/bin/php-fastcgi

#!/bin/sh  

/usr/bin/spawn-fcgi -a 127.0.0.1 -p 9000 -u www -f /usr/local/bin/php-cgi

2) chmod 755 /usr/bin/php-fastcgi

3) ee /usr/local/etc/rc.d/init-fastcgi

#!/bin/bash

PHP_SCRIPT=/usr/bin/php-fastcgi
RETVAL=0
case "$1" in
start)
$PHP_SCRIPT
RETVAL=$?
;;
stop)
killall -9 php
RETVAL=$?
;;
restart)
killall -9 php
$PHP_SCRIPT
RETVAL=$?
;;
*)
echo "Usage: php-fastcgi {start|stop|restart}"
exit 1
;;
esac
exit $RETVAL

4) chmod 755 /usr/local/etc/rc.d/init-fastcgi

2,启动nginx
nginx -t -c /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf 测试配置是否正确
如果屏幕显示以下两行信息,说明配置文件正确:

the configuration file /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok  
the configuration file /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf was tested successfully

启动:

nginx -c /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf

开机自动启动加入/etc/rc.conf

nginx_enable="YES"

nginx参数: 
-c </path/to/config>为 Nginx 指定一个配置文件,来代替缺省的。
-t不运行,而仅仅测试配置文件。nginx 将检查配置文件的语法的正确性,并尝试打开配置文件中所引用到的文件。
-v显示 nginx 的版本。
-V显示 nginx 的版本,编译器版本和配置参数

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